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Earth Dr Reese Halter's Blog


Bears, fish and big old trees

 Seven western states and four Canadian provinces have joined forces in a plan to limit greenhouse gas emissions. An entire new source of long-term revenue is available to British Columbia’s government, which will enable protecting massive tracks of old growth forests and fresh water supplies.

The Western Climate Initiative includes: Arizona, California, Montana, New Mexico, Washington, BC, Manitoba, Ontario and Quebec, and they have agreed to cut the region’s carbon emissions by 15 percent below 2005 levels by 2020.

The backbone of their plan relies on a system of cap and trade. It is a system that was successfully devised and implemented in the early 1990s to combat acid rain around the Great Lakes caused by the pollution generated from coal burning power plants.

The cap and trade system reduces pollution by requiring utility and other companies to meet tough emission standards. Under this system, businesses that cannot cut their emissions because of costs or technical hurdles would be allowed to buy emission credits from companies that have spent the money to clean-up and lower their emissions.

Most large industrial polluters, automakers and coal-based utilities are scrambling to find companies to sell them offset credits.

In 1990 (Science, Feb 9) Mark Harmond and others found that the conversion of Pacific northwest old growth forests to young fast growing forests did not decrease atmospheric carbon as compared to old growth forests which capture and store vast amounts of carbon dioxide. In fact, it took those low elevation second growth forests at least 200 years to accumulate the carbon dioxide storage capacity of existing old growth forests.

In other words, BCs standing old growth forests are valuable but not just as milled saw-timber or pulp. BCs old growth is a gold mine for burgeoning worldwide offset markets, as well as its bountiful medicines and other valuable non-timber forest products.

Marriott International with over 3,000 global properties has partnered with Conservation International and is the first hotel company to calculate its carbon footprint and launched an aggressive worldwide campaign to lessen its impact.

Each year it uses 3 million tons of CO2 or 65 pounds per available room. To offset this they have undertaken a remarkable initiative. Marriott is spending millions of dollars over a long-term period to protect 1.5 million acres of endangered rainforests (because forests absorb and store CO2) in the Juma Sustainable Development Reserve in partnership with the state of Amazonas in Brazil.

If Brazil is renting its forests for millions of dollars then why shouldn’t the government of BC consider its options?

In the late 1960s a young assistant professor (now Emeritus) Peter Dooling at the Faculty of Forestry, UBC taught a nascent discipline of forest recreation. Dr. Dooling predicted that forest recreation and tourism would become a major industry in BC.

Today, BC tourism is a multi-billion dollar industry rivaling that of forestry. The 2010 Whistler/Vancouver Olympics will easily tip the scale and soon thereafter tourism revenue will exceed that of forestry.

As the world recession deepens and the mighty U.S. housing market continues to sputter and stall, thousands of BC forestry workers are being dislocated.

It is perplexing and frustrating that North Americans buying furniture at IKEA must settle for Scots pine grown and manufactured in Lapland when millions of acres of BC lodgepole pine are salvage-logged and pulped rather than manufactured and sold throughout the continent as distressed cottage pine furniture.

With more than 60 BC glaciers receding, securing fresh water supplies are of paramount importance and maintaining high elevation old growth forests, which capture, retain and slowly release  trillions of gallons of snow melt in the springtime is priceless.

While maintaining the integrity of the Brazilian forests are important so too are the last of BCs contiguous great temperate rainforests. Why not rent some of the old growth forests, take advantage of their potent ability to absorb enormous amounts of CO2 and provide a buffer against climate change.

Dr Reese Halter is a public speaker and founder of the international conservation institute Global Forest Science. He can be contacted through



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